Close up
A cloudy day is a good time for macro photography. This is an area where high contrast is rarely appropriate, while diffuse lighting makes the shooting process comfortable and controlled.…

Continue reading →

Factors affecting bokeh
The number and shape of aperture blades The arrangement of the lens aperture affects not so much the quality of the blur as the shape of the blur circles. In…

Continue reading →

Abstract photography
Abstract photography is a kind of art form, it shows things not in the usual sense, familiar to many, but in unexpected colors, shapes and lines. The photographer must abstract…

Continue reading →

exposure

Basic settings of the camera

I recommend that any novice photographer actively use the camera’s automation whenever possible. This applies to matrix metering, autofocus, automatic white balance, and everything else that can only be automated, and with which modern cameras often cope better than modern photographers. Load the camera with all the menial work, and pay more attention to finding beautiful scenes and harmonious frame layout.

But there are times when a camera that thinks it’s too smart has to be taken in hand.

Sunset
Shot on full automatic. What the hell? Continue reading

Camera modes

Today, any digital camera offers the photographer a frightening variety of shooting modes. Due to the fact that the instructions for cameras describe the features and purpose of a particular mode is very vague, it can be difficult for a novice Amateur photographer to determine which modes are really useful, and which are marketing nonsense. As a result, many people either spit on everything and shoot exclusively in AUTO mode, without trying to dig deeper, or, believing the authors of the instructions, try to use narrow-minded story modes (Portrait, Landscape, Sports, Macro, etc.), not suspecting that with a minimum of mental effort, you can achieve much more flexible and complete control over the camera without any damage to your own comfort. Continue reading

Dynamic range

Light falling on the photodiodes of the digital camera matrix is converted into an electrical signal. For this to happen, the number of photons that hit each individual photodiode must exceed the sensor sensitivity threshold. If there are not enough photons, the corresponding section of the frame will be completely black. If the exposure is excessive, the photodiodes are saturated with photons and the overexposed area turns out to be white. The ratio between the exposure values required to produce a completely black and completely white color is called the sensor’s dynamic range or photographic latitude. Continue reading

Color balance
The colors of objects that we see are not a property of the objects themselves, but a property of our vision. Grass looks green only because light rays reflected from…

...

Dynamic range
Light falling on the photodiodes of the digital camera matrix is converted into an electrical signal. For this to happen, the number of photons that hit each individual photodiode must…

...

Close up
A cloudy day is a good time for macro photography. This is an area where high contrast is rarely appropriate, while diffuse lighting makes the shooting process comfortable and controlled.…

...