Geographical latitude
I am writing this in the most temperate climate, being in the fifty-fourth degree of North latitude. In the southern regions, the light changes much faster, both in the morning…

Continue reading →

A little theory
White balance is an important tool for managing the color palette of a photo. One of the advantages of a living person over a digital camera is that a person…

Continue reading →

Inverse square law
It is not superfluous to mention here also the law of inverse squares, the action of which you will certainly encounter. It sounds like this: the intensity of light is…

Continue reading →

information

Basic settings of the camera

I recommend that any novice photographer actively use the camera’s automation whenever possible. This applies to matrix metering, autofocus, automatic white balance, and everything else that can only be automated, and with which modern cameras often cope better than modern photographers. Load the camera with all the menial work, and pay more attention to finding beautiful scenes and harmonious frame layout.

But there are times when a camera that thinks it’s too smart has to be taken in hand.

Sunset
Shot on full automatic. What the hell? Continue reading

Exposure: theory

Good exposure is critical for getting high-quality photos. However, the essence of the exhibition is very simple. Exposure is just the amount of light that hits the photo sensor. The process of shooting a frame is sometimes called exposure.

The exposure can be reduced or increased. That’s all you can influence. A smaller exposure makes the frame darker, a larger exposure makes it lighter. A lack of exposure is called underexposure, and an excess is called overexposure.

Correct exposure
Correctly exposed image.
Underexposure Continue reading

Color balance
The colors of objects that we see are not a property of the objects themselves, but a property of our vision. Grass looks green only because light rays reflected from…

...

The strategy for choosing the optimum diaphragm
Find the aperture value at which your lens shows the best sharpness, and use this value whenever possible (most often it is f/8 or so). If you don't have enough…

...

Dynamic range
Light falling on the photodiodes of the digital camera matrix is converted into an electrical signal. For this to happen, the number of photons that hit each individual photodiode must…

...