Subject movement

Can I fix the errors later?
As for the exhibition, no, you can't. Overexposure is not allowed in digital photography. Even if you shoot in RAW, the capabilities of RAW converters (contrary to the assurances of…

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Geographical latitude
I am writing this in the most temperate climate, being in the fifty-fourth degree of North latitude. In the southern regions, the light changes much faster, both in the morning…

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Hunting for color
Pink cloud Nature is self-sufficient in its beauty, and its beauty shines whether anyone looks at it or not. Most people never see really beautiful flowers in their daily lives…

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Аuto mode

Fully automatic or green mode does not need to be introduced. The camera thinks about everything here. Not only the shutter speed and aperture, but also autofocus, flash, white balance, in short, everything is under her control. Except that she doesn’t press the button herself… Although work is already underway in this direction.

Often, the AUTO mode is supplemented with an almost identical “no flash” mode.

Listen to good advice: if you are still shooting in AUTO mode, try at least experimentally switching to program mode (P). Continue reading

Camera modes

Today, any digital camera offers the photographer a frightening variety of shooting modes. Due to the fact that the instructions for cameras describe the features and purpose of a particular mode is very vague, it can be difficult for a novice Amateur photographer to determine which modes are really useful, and which are marketing nonsense. As a result, many people either spit on everything and shoot exclusively in AUTO mode, without trying to dig deeper, or, believing the authors of the instructions, try to use narrow-minded story modes (Portrait, Landscape, Sports, Macro, etc.), not suspecting that with a minimum of mental effort, you can achieve much more flexible and complete control over the camera without any damage to your own comfort. Continue reading

Dynamic range

Light falling on the photodiodes of the digital camera matrix is converted into an electrical signal. For this to happen, the number of photons that hit each individual photodiode must exceed the sensor sensitivity threshold. If there are not enough photons, the corresponding section of the frame will be completely black. If the exposure is excessive, the photodiodes are saturated with photons and the overexposed area turns out to be white. The ratio between the exposure values required to produce a completely black and completely white color is called the sensor’s dynamic range or photographic latitude. Continue reading

Exposure compensation

Modern cameras are equipped with a built-in exposure meter, which is able to automatically assess the level of illumination and select the appropriate values of the exposure parameters. If the exposure value offered by the exposure meter does not suit the photographer, he can either switch to manual mode and set the exposure independently, or, while remaining in automatic mode, use exposure correction. Exposure correction or exposure compensation is a forced change in exposure relative to the value determined by the exposure meter. Positive exposure compensation causes the camera to increase the exposure by a specified amount, and negative exposure causes it to decrease. For example, if the camera’s exposure meter allows one step overexposure under certain conditions, you should apply an exposure correction of – 1 EV to get a normally exposed frame. Continue reading

Exposure: theory

Good exposure is critical for getting high-quality photos. However, the essence of the exhibition is very simple. Exposure is just the amount of light that hits the photo sensor. The process of shooting a frame is sometimes called exposure.

The exposure can be reduced or increased. That’s all you can influence. A smaller exposure makes the frame darker, a larger exposure makes it lighter. A lack of exposure is called underexposure, and an excess is called overexposure.

Correct exposure
Correctly exposed image.
Underexposure Continue reading

Adding volume to a photo
Human vision is binocular, which means that we have an excellent perception of the shape and volume of objects in space, regardless of the light. But in photography, everything is…


Exposure: theory
Good exposure is critical for getting high-quality photos. However, the essence of the exhibition is very simple. Exposure is just the amount of light that hits the photo sensor. The…


Area of interest
You must be deeply interested in the subject. Without this, your images will remain lifeless. If you, the photographer, are not interested in the subject, how can you hope that…