The composition defines
Don’t confuse composition with framing. Framing determines the direction of the view and the field of view, and composition determines the relative position of objects. By pointing the camera in different directions, as well as using lenses with different focal lengths, or cropping parts of the image during subsequent editing, you change the amount of space that will fall on the final photo, but you will not be able to correct an unsuccessful composition in this way – move objects relative to each other, make one of the objects larger or smaller in relation to others. To do this, you need to either physically move objects, which is acceptable with small objects and people, or, what is more reasonable when working with mountains and forests, move yourself. Usually, Amateur photographers, after seeing an interesting scene, will stop in the most convenient place, and, at best, except that povariruyut focal length of the lens before you release the shutter. Shooting from a comfortable position is usually a guarantee of the most boring composition. Don’t be lazy to move. Take a step to the right or left, sit down, lie down on the ground or climb a tree, try to get closer with a wide-angle lens to emphasize the perspective, or on the contrary, move away and take a longer lens to visually bring the foreground and background together. Look for the best point for shooting, which will allow you to show the object from the best side, in the most expressive and concise way. And only when you have no doubts about your position and perspective of the image, when the key elements are arranged harmoniously, when there is nothing superfluous in the way of your view, determine the boundaries of the frame and shoot.
More about framing
Some Amateur photographers firmly believe that our world was created in the 3:2 format (less often 4:3), and that cropping part of the image encroaches on the foundations of the universe. For all my conservatism, I still doubt that we should push ourselves into such a framework.
It is not always possible to fit a good composition into a frame with a standard aspect ratio. Some scenes require a square frame, and sometimes, on the contrary, an elongated panorama is the best solution.
My advice is this: when possible, compose a full frame to use your camera’s resolution rationally, but if the scene requires a non-standard format, shoot with an eye on subsequent framing. You can always trim everything that is unnecessary in the image editor. Any tools are good if they improve the final image.
Also, sometimes there are situations when when shooting a remote object, you simply do not have enough focal length, and there is no way to get closer. Well? Shoot using your longest-focus lens, and then trim the edges of the frame, leaving only the fragment you need. In terms of scale and perspective, this is equivalent to using a longer lens. The image quality may suffer somewhat, but the strong composition you end up with is much more important.
There are no rules in art
All that I write is not an axiom, but rather instructions, information for reflection. Avoid rules, formulas, and strict laws in the field of composition. Rules may be useful at first for a person with an undeveloped aesthetic sense, they may even help him to rise to the level of acceptable mediocrity, but then they will hinder him rather than help.
Shooting reflections in the water surface is a great reason to break the boring “rule of thirds” and divide the frame strictly in half, emphasizing its symmetry.
Sometimes the laws of composition work, and sometimes they don’t. The blind belief that, having mastered a set of elementary rules, you can create works of art, generates self-confidence, and lack of desire for development and improvement. When shooting, think not about the rules, but about what you want to say with your picture? what emotions can I evoke? what is its main, core idea? When you have a clear idea of the future photo in your head, you will only need to organize the elements of the scene, subordinating them to your creative thought, and take the final picture.