Incandescent lamps (Tungsten or Incandescent)
Very cold balance, designed to neutralize the orange light of incandescent lamps with a color temperature of about 3000 K. Images taken in the evening under artificial light, in the Tungsten mode, begin to look natural. If you use this mode during the day, the frame will turn an intense blue color. Try adding 1-2 steps of underexposure to this, and the scene will look like it was shot in the middle of the night.
Auto WB. Under the light of incandescent lamps, a cat that is dozing seems to be bright red, but in fact it is almost gray.
White balance – Incandescent
Incandescent. This is more like the truth.
Auto WB. The light of sodium street lamps is very warm, despite the fact that it is freezing outside, and I would like to emphasize this fact.
White balance – Incandescent
Incandescent white balance made the image significantly colder.
Fluorescent lamps (Fluorescent)
Different types of fluorescent lamps have different color temperatures, as well as different degrees of green bias. As a rule, the camera contains several white balance presets for different types of lamps. In addition to their direct purpose, these presets are good for deliberately distorting the color of the sky at sunset or at dawn. Trying to compensate for the green shift of the fluorescent lamps, the camera necessarily emphasizes the purple tones, which is what we actually want.
The white balance is calibrated using the camera’s built-in flash. When you turn on the flash, many cameras switch to this mode themselves. If you use a separate flash, automatic white balance is preferable. Flash mode is also unsuitable for Studio flashes, since their color may vary depending on the manufacturer.
Preset white balance (Preset, Custom, or Manual)
If you are not satisfied with any of the available presets, you can set the white balance yourself. You need to take a picture of some object that should be a neutral color (a white t-shirt or something like that will do) and the camera will balance the colors relative to the standard specified by it.
In Studio shooting, when accurate color reproduction is critical, the white balance is set on a sheet of white paper or on a special gray map.
Auto WB for all its efforts could not figure out that the white paper on which the cinnamon sticks lie should be exactly white.
By forcibly setting the white balance on the cinnamon – free section of paper, I achieved the correct color rendering.
If you adjust the white balance by pointing the camera at something colored, it will make that color neutral and subtract it from anything that comes up. Adjust it to the blue sky and your photos will turn orange, adjust it to the green grass – everything will turn purple.
This is art, and you are free to do as you please, provided that it is good for your pictures.
There is no” correct ” white balance. Use the one that suits your taste and is best suited for the scene being shot, even if it requires a little distortion of reality.