Inverse square law
It is not superfluous to mention here also the law of inverse squares, the action of which you will certainly encounter. It sounds like this: the intensity of light is…

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Exposition. The exposure compensation
Exposure is the amount of light needed to create a photo. Nothing complicated. The exposure is dosed with fixed assets: Extract Aperture ISO sensitivity value Flash (or other lighting devices)…

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Adding volume to a photo
Human vision is binocular, which means that we have an excellent perception of the shape and volume of objects in space, regardless of the light. But in photography, everything is…

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Can I fix the errors later?

As for the exhibition, no, you can’t. Overexposure is not allowed in digital photography. Even if you shoot in RAW, the capabilities of RAW converters (contrary to the assurances of the developers) are very limited in terms of pulling out the knocked-out lights. Underexposure is easier to fix, although the cost will be to increase the noise level in the shadows. The correct white balance setting is not critical when shooting in RAW – you can easily change the balance when converting. Correcting the wrong white balance in a JPEG file can be a very time-consuming, though feasible, task. However, I prefer to set the white balance as soon as possible, even when shooting in RAW. This allows me to more accurately assess the exposure on individual channels using a color histogram, and in addition, my images look more aesthetically pleasing even before converting to JPEG. Continue reading

Buchach castle

Composition is the most important aspect of artistic photography. Composition is the art of placing various elements of an image in the most harmonious way that meets the creative intent of the author and allows him to convey his thoughts and feelings to the viewer to the fullest extent.

The gaze of a person looking at a scene is far from chaotic. First of all, he tries to cover the most significant elements that attract his attention, in descending order of their attractiveness, then runs around the entire available field of view, assessing the relationship between important objects, and almost without dwelling on insignificant details, and then returns to the semantic center. Continue reading

Tonal range values

The tone of a photographic image is determined by the proportions in which black, white, and gray tones are correlated.

Degrees of tonality in photography
The human eye recognizes up to three hundred steps between white and black. In a black-and-white image, there can be up to thirty tones (long tonal scale) or up to ten tonal shades (short scale).

Moderation in the number of tones sometimes provides a photo with greater expressiveness. By eliminating the middle tones, you will get rid of non-essential elements, and photos taken in a certain key will turn out to be very effective.

Tonality in a photo and its meaning Continue reading

Functions and actions of the camera processor
The camera processor is an electronic element that controls all its available functions and, in addition, provides pre-processing of the image. Thus, we can say that the processor is nothing…

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Geographical latitude
I am writing this in the most temperate climate, being in the fifty-fourth degree of North latitude. In the southern regions, the light changes much faster, both in the morning…

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Factors affecting bokeh
The number and shape of aperture blades The arrangement of the lens aperture affects not so much the quality of the blur as the shape of the blur circles. In…

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